Net Neutrality (Network Neutrality) is the principle that Internet Service Providers (ISPs) should treat all data on the Internet equally.That means they shouldn’t be able to slide some data into “fast lanes” while blocking or otherwise discriminating against other material. This means all the websites and all kinds of data viz. video, audio, text, images are transported at the same speed across the internet highway. The term was coined Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003. For example, you could purchase a regular plan from an ISP that has a speed of 10Mbps, much like you do now, but instead of that applying to all sites it only applies to some. Some sites, especially ones that guzzle bandwidth like streaming sites, would require that either you, the customer, buy a special plan that covers the same speeds for it or would make the service itself make a deal with the ISP.
Currently, there are no restrictions on the people for using the internet except for what local governments decide. There are no restrictions or preferences over emailing, file sharing, Voice over IP, Podcasts, blogs, etc.
Internet Service Providers cannot change the download or upload transfer rates. Depending on what people are accessing on the internet.
The Net Neutrality promotes potential customers and allows start-ups easier.
There is no restriction on how much anyone can upload or download.
Disadvantages of Net Neutrality:
1. Reduced income from internet uses limits infrastructure improvements.
Certain business companies and high use individuals consume large bandwidth every month. If net neutrality removed, then these companies asked more for what they consume.
2. ISP assigned the Priorities.
ISP choose the highest speeds to the networks and services it owns. It slows down the signals for the rival competitors. This would limit consumer choice.
3. Questionable content thrives
There are specific contents that some may find to be offensive. But that is available to anyone because of net neutrality. Some tools can block this content. And an argument made that net neutrality could filter it out before it reaches to the consumer.
4. Free internet access would likely go away.
When the internet becomes a place where profit is the only primary concern the idea of providing free internet access would vanish. Providers may charge whatever they wanted and restrict access. Providers are also focused on lead to demographic discrimination, socioeconomic discrimination. Furthermore, priority gives to those who are willing to pay high prices.
5.Consumption of a significant amount of data without compensation
Illegal streaming is also in the world. These services provide free for the infrastructure of the internet service provider.